Faced with declining interest in hockey among young people in Quebec, Premier François Legault on Thursday unveiled a strategy to increase the number of Quebeckers in the National Hockey League – and to boost Quebeckers’ pride in their nation.
Legault announced a new committee, led by former NHL player Marc Denis, to find out why there are fewer young Quebeckers interested in hockey compared with past generations and why fewer Quebec-born players are reaching the sport’s highest levels.
“It’s a committee of people who like hockey who know hockey, who want hockey to do better in Quebec,” Legault said.
The premier said the main goal of the committee is to increase the number of young people playing the game, but he said he was also concerned about the low number of Quebeckers in the NHL, a figure the premier put somewhere between 30 and 50.
“Hockey is more than a sport in Quebec,” he said in Montreal.
“We know our great Quebecois heroes – talking about Maurice Richard and Guy Lafleur – are hockey players and that makes Quebeckers proud to be Quebeckers,” Legault said, adding that people came together during the pandemic and that hockey is a unifying force in the province.
The committee is to submit its recommendations by April 1, Legault said at the Centre Bell, the home of the Montreal Canadiens franchise. The team sat 29th in the NHL standings on Thursday afternoon, with four wins out of 18 games played.
Daniel Beland, director of the McGill Institute for the Study of Canada, said Legault’s announcement should be understood in the context of how politics and hockey are intertwined in Quebec. There is a feeling in Quebec, Beland said, that the status of francophones is declining within the Canadiens team – a long-time symbol of Quebecois national pride.
Legault’s interest in getting more Quebeckers playing hockey and reaching the NHL is part of a larger vision to make Quebec more competitive economically in Canada and in North America, and in making Quebeckers more proud of where they come from, he said.
“So, it’s not just about hockey,” Beland said, “but hockey and politics in Quebec have long been intertwined and so this is not surprising, and it resonates with voters – especially Legault’s base.”
The importance of hockey to the Quebecois psyche, coupled with fears that the Canadiens organization isn’t interested in promoting players from Quebec, “make it an issue that Legault wants to talk about ahead of an election.” Quebeckers are to head to the polls next fall.
In May, Legault publicly lamented the absence of Quebec-born players on the Habs’ roster after the team didn’t dress a single Quebecker for one of its games – a first in the team’s history. While Beland said he thinks Legault genuinely likes hockey, he also thinks the premier wants to let Quebeckers know he likes hockey.
“Francois Legault is not only a nationalist, but there is kind of a populist aspect to his discourse,” Beland said. “He wants to be close to the people and hockey is related to not only Canadian identity, but also Quebec identity in a strong way.”
In the past, there was a feeling that francophone players were treated unfairly by the league and referees, Beland said, such as when Richard was suspended in 1955, leading to riots in Montreal.
Bob Sirois, who played in the NHL between 1974 and 1979, said he would also like to see more Quebeckers in the league. While he said there are problems in minor leagues, including the high cost of equipment, those issues aren’t unique to Quebec. He said he doesn’t think addressing those concerns would lead to more Quebeckers making the NHL.
Sirois said he believes the solution is for Quebec to have its own national team at the world junior championship, an annual tournament for players under 20.
“What will bring more Quebeckers into the National Hockey League is visibility, the visibility of our players at the junior level,” he said in an interview Thursday.
Having a national team “will give visibility to our 23 best players” at an event where NHL talent scouts are paying attention, said Sirois, a Quebecker who played for the Philadelphia Flyers and Washington Capitals.
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